Ex-vitro root culturing for plant propagation; advancement in agriculture

Ex-vitro root culturing for plant propagation; advancement in agriculture

Ex-vitro root culturing for plant propagation; advancement in agriculture

As we entered the 21st century, we witnessed lot of development and advancement in all fields, be it technology, health, automobiles, or businesses. Agriculture was too not left behind. Many agricultural scientists strived to develop plants not merely by depending on the natural conditions but extending their support by creating artificial climatic conditions.

One of the advancements made in the field of agriculture was ex-vitro plant propagation. The agricultural scientists have adopted ex-vitro method to produce composite plants that are inexpensive and more developed. The in-vitro plantation is now being considered as conventional and time-consuming and causing more roots to die in the initial stage of development. The advanced and the more innovative technology found as ex-vitro plantation has gained more popularity due to its many advantages.

First and foremost, rooting of many forestry plants can be developed ex-vitro in sand and they can survive in field plantations.

Results showed that the tree and bamboo plantations cultured ex-vitro had developed more healthy roots as compared to in-vitro plantation. Appropriate care was taken to maintain glass house conditions including proper sunlight and appropriate humidity for the roots to grow ex-vitro.

Ex-vitro rooting culture also proved to be inexpensive and of moderate cost. It had been observed that the roots developed ex-vitro were healthier and had more strong vascular tissues than the roots in-vitro. This was shown in the early stages of production, already. At least, 50 percent of the in-vitro roots died or stopped growing, unlike ex-vitro roots. The morphology of the ex-vitro and in-vitro rooting was different and could be easily distinguished. However shoots from in-vitro root culturing were growing at a faster pace than the ex-vitro roots comparatively. This made the in-vitro plantations much taller with more space for shoots unlike ex-vitro rooting treatment. However, at the later stages anatomical differences between the in-vitro and ex-vitro could not be detected.

There are certain factors that can affect the ex-vitro growth in plants. They are factors like sunlight, humidity, nature of soil and other climatic conditions. Hence care has to be taken to adjust these factors to suit ex-vitro.   

In the recent times, advancements in the field of agriculture in the form of ex-vitro plant propagation have proved beneficial to the man kind. One such plant which has been developed by ex-intro is Jatropha, found in large quantities in Indonesia. This plant contains 25 to 35 percent oil and can be used to produce biodiesel, conserving land, and an increase in the income of farmers.  

The governments in many countries are taking initiatives to encourage the agricultural scientists to develop plant propagation through ex-vitro methods, which are cheaper and sustainable. There are many institutes, which train people about this method to increase production.

Ex-vitro culture also, saves land and is grown in a restricted environment without affecting the plant propagation adversely. Though, it is understood that plants need time to adjust to the new environment, the agriculturalists take utmost care to maintain the plant growth and not, let it decay.

Jatropha is an active author writing articles on Ex-vitro, marketing, business or adverting since very long time.